Scam Tips

The world is sick, with people the same as Rasmi Sinaga and gang from Batam Indonesia, believed scam is correct thing to do and enjoy doing it. We should make them transparent, so they can’t scam another person, if not the other will follow.

I call out everyone been scammed to stand out and justify, been scammed is nothing to ashamed of, but scammers should be condemn. Hereby link to Michael Jackson Song Heal the world, hopefully everyone can help to heal the world. Below are the scams I know.

INDONESIA SCAM GROUP
They unite friends and family to approach you, and then make up various lies, provide identification, bring out their kids to win your sympathy, and even have sex with you to gain your trust. When they succeed scam your money, they will run away without a trace. When you find them, they will again combine friends and family to threaten you or kill you.
Not only women but also can be men, you cannot imagine how cheap they are.

More than robbery that we cannot imagine

IMPERSONATION SCAM(Phone call)
It is an old trick, but the scammers have tried many times, because even if the tricks are repeated, many people will be fooled. First, the scammer will speak to the victim as a “law enforcement officer” or “police officer”. When many people heard that they were “law enforcement officers” or “police officers”, the whole person panicked, and the scammers used various exaggerations to further deepen their concerns. “Money laundering”, “Arrest orders have been issued by the court”, etc., step by step impact the victim’s psychological defense. Then, when the victim is unable to think rationally because of the panic, the scammer will show his true face and ask the victim’s bank account to “assist” the investigation.
In another variation, the caller might claim to be an employee or representative of a Chinese bank or courier company. The caller might claim that your identity was used to send parcels containing fake passports or weapons, or to apply for overseas credit cards. They then refer you to another caller claiming to be a Chinese official, who will ask — or even threaten — you to give them personal information such as your passport or bank account number, internet banking credentials or One-Time Password (OTP).
Please remember that if you are involved in criminal activities, the police will come to the door with an arrest warrant to arrest you without calling in advance. Please identity even police at your doorstep. The Info-communications Media Development Authority (IMDA) also working with telecommunications companies here to ensure adding a “+” prefix to numbers coming from abroad by April 15 2020.

IMPERSONATION SCAM (Email/Social Media)
In addition to common phone scams, scam groups can also send letters or e-mails to the target under the official agency’s signature. These emails are usually warning letters claiming that you have broken the law and will take legal action soon. The more you panic, the easier it is for them to succeed.
In any case, if you read these so-called warning letters carefully, you will find that they are crude and grammatically mistake.
The criminals also sent emails with an email address similar to that of the victim’s supplier, claiming that the account they usually used had been frozen or being audited, and asked the victim to transfer the money to a different bank account.
It is also possible to pretend to be a buyer to order products from you.
Or the artist sends you a text message or a friend request. Then do whatever it takes to scam you.

LOVE SCAM (Online and reality)
This is a society without love and gives the criminals a chance!
The Internet plays an important role in our social life. We visit applications such as Facebook or Instagram every day, so it is inevitable to use these applications to find love.
Nowadays, online dating apps are very popular and they are a great way to meet future partners. There are many example of someone was lucky enough to find her future husband / wife on a dating site.
However, not all scenes have a “happy ending” like this, and you need to be very careful because you never know who you can meet.
In the quiet of the night, a person will inevitably feel lonely. how nice is a person can talk to you? The scammer is aware of this, casts a net on the Internet, and once they found the target, they will be transformed into the ideal type of lover (usually “tall rich and handsome” or “white rich or beauty”), and then they play various tricks, and occupy each other’s atrium with sweet words. After victims put in true feelings, their real faces came out, either digging out all victims savings bit by bit, or shamelessly threatening blackmail with nude photos!
Such people may also appear in real life, they usually come from abroad, because after success scam, they can escape without a trace.
Remember: Love may be blind, but you must not let it blind your eyes.

NIGERIA SCAM
Probably one of the oldest and popular Internet scams, mainly used by a wealthy family member in Nigeria to deceive others. It is also known as “Nigeria 419”, named after the part of Nigeria’s Criminal Law that prohibits this behavior.
A typical Nigerian scam involves emotional emails, letters, text messages or social network messages from scammers (which may be government officials, businessmen, or members of very wealthy family members (usually women)) asking you to help retrieve large sums from the bank Payment, and initially pay a small fee for documents and legal affairs. In exchange for your help, they promise you a lot of money.
They will persevere and ask you to pay more for more and more additional services (such as transaction or transfer costs). You will even receive papers that should convince you that everything is true. In the end, you are bankrupt and you don’t have any promised money.

HELP SCAM
The most common are counterfeit beggar and drop wallet. Counterfeit beggars are very common especially in foreign countries. Some of them are also interrupted by criminal syndicates and forced to beg, please do not give money to them. This will encourage unhealthy trends. It is also illegal to beg in Singapore. There are also people pretending to have lost their wallets, asking for money to eat or taking bus home. Or other methods require financial assistance. Good intentions may be right, but many scammers using your good intentions to cheat.

ASK YOU FOR A BANK OTP
As Online banking becomes more common, there are more and more similar scams. The usual method is scammers sent victims a WhatsApp or SMS message, then they will ask the victims to provide one-time password (OTP), pretend they entered the wrong phone number, and now wait for the password to complete the transaction. Some people are too kind and don’t know what the function of OTP, so they foolishly sent OTP to them. They don’t know that this method gives the fraudster the right to access his bank account. When discovered, everything is too late!
Good intentions with good reports are not necessarily accurate. Please remember that the OTP of the bank account will only send to the phone number registered in the bank and will not be sent to other people’s mobile phones! Don’t just share OTP information to others!

SCAMMERS VISIT YOUR HOUSE
Don’t think that if you don’t go online, don’t go out, scammers can’t deal with you. They may also come to your doorstep. The most common is ask you to repairs your house, or install equipment specified by the government.

ONLINE PURCHASE SCAM
With Internet now you can shop without going out, In Lazada, Taobao, Shopee, ezbuy, Carousell, Qoo10 and even FB, WeChat can conduct buying and selling transactions. Scammers have also caught up with this trend and took advantage of this opportunity! Scammers often describe their products, gadget, amusement park or concert tickets in an exaggerated way, and then grasp the people’s greed and cheapness, generate various discounts, and mark what they sell. A very low and low price, attracting unsuspecting online shoppers. After the transaction money is transferred, the already fooled online shoppers will be blocked, and finally there will be no money, and no goods in the end.

FAKE SHOPPING SITE
We all like shopping, and shopping on the web can be easier and more convenient with just a few clicks. But for your online safety, please visit website carefully. There are thousands of websites that provide false information. These websites may send you to malicious links, allowing hackers to access your most valuable data.
If you find a great online offer, you may say “yes” immediately, but you need to learn how to spot a fake shopping website to avoid being cheat.

PAYPAL EMAIL SCAM
Scammers prey on sellers on online auction sites like Ebay and Carousell. They might agree to buy an item from the seller and make payment through PayPal. They then send the victim an email that looks like it had come from PayPal stating that the money has been sent. The seller is asked to provide shipment details or pay an admin fee before the payment can be released. Under the impression that it is a legitimate instruction from PayPal, the seller mails the item to the scammer.

SCAM WARNING TO MERCHANTS
Merchants please pay attention, scammers may change the QR code of your shop, causing your income to enter their pockets. Remember to keep your QR code when the store is closed. The scammer may also pretend that they have used QR codes to pay for the goods.

COLD CALL SUPPLIER SCAM?
This scam targets owners of trading firms. It usually begins with a call from a person overseas, who offers the company owner exclusive rights to sell a product in Singapore. After they accept the offer, the trading firm owner receives a large order for the product, which comes from the scammers. To fulfil those orders, the victim orders and pays for the items. The victim soon realises that the items will never arrive, and the scammers have disappeared.

RECEIVE HELP CALLS FROM SOMEONE YOUR KNOW
The rapid development of technology is beyond your imagination. Using software or other devices to imitate other people’s voices is no longer difficult! Scammer will call or voice message the victim and impersonate a friend / relative who has a close relationship with them. After a long discussion, he will pretend to be in a financial dilemma and ask the victim to help them. Or a friend of your family said that your family was involved in a car accident or something and asked for financial assistance.
In this case, you must repeatedly confirm the identity of the other party, ask the other party to speak their own name, and tell something about who he can verify. Of course, it is best to hang up the phone first, and then call him (or your family) to confirm again. Never transfer money to others without verification!

RECEIVED HELP MESSAGE FROM FRIENDS, FAMILY MEMBERS OR FRIENDS ON SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS
Criminals illegally hacked into your Facebook/Line/whatsapp account and asked your friends in your Facebook/Line/whatsapp to buy iTunes or other stored value cards for them. You may also receive a text message from a friend’s account asking you to help purchase a stored-value card urgently
The Cyber Security Agency of Singapore will launch the Asia-Pacific region’s first cyber security labeling program this year to help consumers choose more secure smart products. Manufacturers and suppliers of wireless network routers and smart home electronic devices can be the first to apply for these network security labels for their products this year. Let users’ computers be protected.
Imagine that your account was attacked by cyber criminals and gained contact with close friends and family.
Because it is very important to protecting privacy and online security, you should be extra careful when protecting your personal online accounts, just like protecting a bank or email account.
In terms of Facebook security, these tips may help you stay away from these online frauds:
Do not accept friend requests from people you don’t know; Do not share passwords with others; Please use a two-factor authentication system when logging in; Avoid connecting to public and free Wi-Fi networks; Keep browsers and applications updated
To enhance your online privacy, I recommend that you read the complete guide on Facebook security and privacy.

KIDNAP SCAM
Victims get a call from someone claiming that a loved one of the victims has been kidnapped. During the call, victims might hear screaming or crying in the background.

KILLER SCAM
Cyber criminals will send you an email threatening to blackmail your money. This type of online scam in many forms, such as a threat that unless the ransom is paid within the time frame provided by the scammer, they will kidnap family members.
In order to create a truly dangerous appearance, the message is filled with detailed information about the victim’s life, which is collected from online accounts, personal blogs, or social network accounts.
Therefore, it is not safe to provide any sensitive or personal information about you on social media channels. This seems to be a safe and private place with only friends around you, but you can never be sure who is looking at you.

FAKE CAR ACCIDENT
These scammers will pretend to be hit and fall to the ground, and then use their high-level performance skills to obtain medical expenses, otherwise they will call the police. In order to solve the problem, some people must obey. This is not terrible. What is more terrible is that these alleged victims may also be robbers. They use this method to create opportunities for robbery.
Therefore, when a car accident occurs abroad, please do not panic and pay attention to the surrounding environment or personnel. If you have a dashcam installed in the car and you are sure that all the evidence has been recorded, the first thing is to lock the door. If the situation looks bad, please call the police!

APPLE SCAM
In this scam, scammers tell victims that they or their loved ones are about to experience misfortune, which they can prevent by performing a ritual. As part of the ritual, money or valuables are placed in a plastic bag or container. Victims are told that the bag or container can only be opened a few days later or the ritual will not work. When the proper time has passed, victims open the bag to find that the valuables have been replaced by worthless items like fruit, newspapers or sugar.
Scammers can also use items such as “magic stones”, unite several people to ask you to touch, and then the magic stones become black, those scammers will say that you are sick and want you to buy the so-called medicine for treatment.

CAR RENTAL SCAM?
If an ad for a rental car seems too cheap to be true, then it’s probably a scam. The car rental scam tricks victims into paying a deposit or the full rental fee before receiving the car. After payment has been made, victims find that the agency and car do not exist.

HOME/ROOM RENTAL SCAM
Scammers offer a room or house for rent and use high-pressure tactics to get victims to pay the rent in advance. In these cases, the scammers are not authorised to rent out the property or the property may not even exist.
In another variation of this scam, the scammers pretend to be interested foreign tenants looking to rent a place. They will claim to have made payment for the deposit, after which the victims will receive fake emails from PayPal asking for a fee before the payment can be released to them. In some cases, the scammers may ask the landlords to help them pay their movers’ fees.

INHERITANCE SCAM
Victims receive a letter, call or email stating that they have been left a large fortune. However, to have the funds released, victims must first pay the administration fees and taxes.

INVESTMENT SCAM
Victims receive messages from a stranger who claimed to be a stockbroker, an employee of a bank or financial company on a social media platform (such as Facebook, WeChat or LINE), Responding to these messages leaves you vulnerable to an Investment Scam where fraudsters ask for personal details like NRIC and passport numbers, supposedly for an investment form. Scammers then ask victims to transfer money to banks in Hong Kong and China, pay administrative fees, security fees and taxes in order to receive the profits and returns.
Victims may receive phone calls from people claiming to be from the Hong Kong Monetary Authority or Hong Kong Overseas Control Centre, asking for a deposit before profits can be released to them.
Due to credulity, the victim’s fell into a trap of real estate or business investment in overseas.
Remember: Most people from social media who need your personal particulars are scammers. Invest in overseas, unless you can visit the site in person and follow up. Otherwise eliminate this idea and let locate investment companies or real estate companies to do the jobs.

JOB SCAM
These scams often involve online job ads seeking would-be male social escorts. Victims who respond are told they would be introduced to wealthy female clients, but only after they pay a registration fee. After payment, the scammers ask victims for other fees such as for insurance and membership before disappearing with the money.
In another variation of the job scam, scammers place online job ads for assistant purchasers, stock takers or participants for a system trial on popular classified websites like Gumtree. Participants are asked to reveal personal details like their names, IC numbers, phone numbers, phone security codes and one-time passwords (OTP). Information like this allows scammers to access your mobile phone lines to purchase online credits.
In the latest variant, scammers will offer jobs that require applicants to do the following in return for a small commission:
a) Processing fund transfers by receiving money into their personal bank accounts and then transferring the money out through online banking or money transfer services such as Western Union or MoneyGram
b) Open bank accounts using their names for a business, or
c) Receive a donation into their personal bank accounts and assist to deposit the money into a crypto kiosk.

LOAN SCAM
SMSs or WhatsApp messages are sent offering loans and loan services to random users. The scammers may claim to be staff from a licensed moneylender. Interested parties are instructed to transfer money as a deposit before the loan can be disbursed. After making the transfer, victims find that the scammers are no longer contactable. As part of these scams, the scammers may ask for personal information like NRIC and contact numbers, Singpass details and bank account numbers. When handed over, the information is used to harass or threaten victims for payment.

Women been scam by take loan to clear credit card debts 

BANK LOAN OR CREDIT CARD SCAM
It is easy to be fooled by “too good, untrue” bank quotes, which may guarantee large amounts of funds and have been pre-approved by the bank. If you offer such an incredible pre-approved loan, ask yourself, why me?

SCRATCH-AND-WIN SCAM
Victims are approached while shopping in Johor Bahru and invited to participate in a simple scratch-and-win promotion. They win a prize but must follow the scammer to their main office to collect it. Once at the office, the winners/victims are told to pay an administration charge or tax on the prize, which does not exist. They might even be asked to pay more money to join a grand draw with prizes such as cars or holidays. The scammers offer to accompany “winners” to an ATM in Singapore to collect the money. Once they receive the money, scammers tell victims that the prize is delayed and that they should return another time.

LOTTRRY/LUCKY DRAW SCAM
Victims receive a phone call or SMS notification that they have won a prize in a lucky draw. Often, the prize is a car or a condominium unit overseas. To claim the prize, victims must pay administrative fees or taxes. Or to convert the prize into cash, victims must make payment to a foreign bank account.
In another variation of the lucky draw scam, victims receive a call to take part in a survey that qualifies them entry to a lucky draw. Victims subsequently win the draw but must pay an administrative fee to claim the prize.

PHISHING SCAM
Victims receive a call informing them that they have won a lucky draw. To claim the prize, the victim must provide their passport details or other personal information.
In another phishing scam, fake websites are created to look identical to the actual websites but with a slightly different web address. Should victims input their personal details and PIN numbers to these websites, their information and money are at risk.

MONEY MULE SCAM
Scammers, likely to be members of foreign syndicates, pose as lonely individuals seeking companionship and love online. They befriend victims on social media sites and after gaining their trust, ask the victims to open a new bank account or use an existing bank account to receive money. When the money is deposited into account, the victim is asked to pass or send the money to another person or company, usually based overseas. Alternatively, scammers post job advertisements on online job portals or social media platforms for the position of “agent”. The “agents” will earn commission for receiving and transferring money for a “legitimate” company.

TRAVEL SCAM
These scams are usually happen in the hot summer or before Christmas Eve or short winter holidays.
What happens is this: you receive an email with an amazing offer, it is a rare special destination (usually an exotic destination), and will be in a very short time Invalidate. If it sounds good, it might look like a travel scam, so don’t get lost!
The problem is that some of these offers hide some necessary costs before you pay the initial offer. Others just took your money and didn’t send you anywhere.
In this case, it is recommended that you carefully study the travel offer and look for hidden costs, such as: airport taxes, tickets to be paid to enter local attractions, check whether meals and other local transportation costs are included between your airport and your hotel , Or between the hotel and the main attractions mentioned in the initial offer, etc.
Generally, we recommend that you choose a trusted and well-known travel agency. You can also check whether you have received the same result as the discount you received by paying separately for the ticket and accommodation.
If you like to travel, you can easily be victim to airline scams just by looking for free tickets. Airline scams are some of the most popular travel scams, and we recommend applying these valuable techniques.

ONLINE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SCAM
This is another common online scam and you need to pay extra careful. Next time your smartphone rings and you don’t know the number, please think twice before answering. Maybe it’s not your friend at the other end, but a liar!
Today, online technical assistance is very common and widespread. The scammer will pretend to be a technician from a telecommunications company or a computer company, falsely claim that your computer or network is faulty and needs repairs, and then request access to your computer, stealing information without your knowledge.

ONLINE GAME SCAM
Scammers use pop-up or online ads to sell game credits at attractive rates. These ads often appear in popular games. When a victim clicks on the pop-up ads, they will be instructed to add the seller on WeChat. Thereafter, the victim is asked to register an account on a website in order to receive the game credits. During registration, the victim is asked to provide their personal information and bank account details.
When registration is complete, the victim is asked to make payment for the game credits via Alipay, iTunes or MyCard. Once payment is made, the scammer does not deliver the game credits and becomes uncontactable. Some victims are asked to make multiple payments for various fees or to authenticate or activate the bank account.
The sale in foreign currencies, scammers ask victims to transfer money to a Singapore bank account before they can receive the Renminbi in the victim’s WeChat or Alipay account. Once the transfer is done, the scammer becomes uncontactable and blocks the victim on WeChat.

SOFTWARE UPDATE SCAM
Victims receive a call from someone claiming that their computer needs a security or software upgrade. To get the upgrade, victims must give their software user account ID and password to the caller. Sometimes, victims are asked to type several commands onto their computer, after which their computer system falls under someone else’s control. Alternatively, victims might be asked to purchase additional software online. When they do, the scammers take their credit card or bank account details for their own fraudulent use.

FAKE ANTIVIRUS SOFTWARE
All of us saw the following message on the screen at least once: “You have been infected! Download Antivirus X now to protect your computer!”
Many of these pop-up windows are carefully designed to look like legitimate messages that Microsoft Windows or any other security product might receive.
If you are lucky, nothing is more disturbing than a mere scam, because it will display unwanted pop-up windows on your screen when you browse online. In this case, in order to get rid of annoying pop-up windows, we recommend that you scan the system with best antivirus product.
If you are unlucky, your system may eventually be infected with malware, such as Trojan or Keylogger. This kind of message may also come from one of the most dangerous ransomware threats, such as CryptoLocker, which can block and encrypt your operating system and require you to provide a certain amount of money in exchange for the decryption key.
To avoid this situation, we recommend that you use specialized security products to enhance online protection against financial malware and supplement your traditional antivirus programs.

GREETING CARD SCAM
Whether it’s New Year or Christmas, we will receive various holiday greeting cards or text messages that seem to come from friends or people we care about in our email inbox or social media text messages.
Greeting card scam is another ancient online fraud used by malicious actors to inject malware and harvest users’ most valuable data.
If you open such an email and click on the card, you usually get malware that is being downloaded and installed on the operating system. The malware may be an annoying program that will launch pop-up windows with advertisements and unexpected windows on the screen.
If your system is infected with such dangerous malware, you will become one of the bots in a large number of infected computer networks. If this happens, your computer will start sending private data and financial information to fraudulent servers controlled by IT criminals.

WANGIRI SCAM
This scam gets its name from the Japanese word Wangiri — ‘wan’ means ‘one’ and ‘giri’ means ‘hang-up’. Victims receive a phone call from an overseas number, which rings just once. If they return the call, they will hear an advertisement for a subscription to a premium chat line or internet services. Victims are charged a premium for this call.
In another variation of this scam, the caller, claiming to be an official, leaves a voice message informing the victim that there has been an emergency to which they must respond by calling them back. The latest version involves WhatsApp messages with contact attachments. Victims incur a hefty fee when they call that contact.

BITCOIN SCAM
If you want to invest in Bitcoin, we recommend that you watch out for online scam. Digital wallets may be attacked by hackers, and scammers can use this new technology to steal sensitive data.
Bitcoin transactions should be safe, but Bitcoin scams can make you lose money.

Some information copy from scamalert.sg/

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